Driving licence categories

By | June 30, 2017

This is a list of the categories that might be found on a driving licence in the United Kingdom.

Category Vehicle type Minimum age Notes[Notes 1]
AM Motorcycle 16 Light motorcycle with a design speed of less than 45 km/h (28 mph).
A1 Motorcycle 17 Light motorcycles with a cubic capacity not exceeding 125 cc and of a power output not exceeding 11 kW (14.6 bhp). A motor tricycle less than 15 kW power output
A2 Motorcycle 19 Motorcycles up to 35 kW (47 bhp) and a power to mass ratio not exceeding 0.2 kW/kg. Motorcycle combination with a power mass ratio not exceeding 0.2 kW/kg.
A Motorcycle 24[Notes 2] Any size motorcycle with or without a sidecar. A Motor tricycle power output over 15 kW
B1 4 wheeled light vehicles 17[Notes 3] quadricycles up to 400 kg (880 lb) unladen (or 550 kg (1,210 lb) for goods vehicles). B1 before 13 January 2013 means 3/4 wheel light vehicle, but licences held still keep this entitlement. but shown after January 2013 as category A motorcycles restricted to motor tricycles only and B1 4 wheels. upon renew, exchange an old licence
B Cars 17[Notes 4]
  • Motor vehicles with a MAM not exceeding 3,500 kg (7,700 lb) having not more than 8 passenger seats with a trailer up to 750 kg (1,650 lb).
  • Combinations of vehicles in Category B and a trailer when combined vehicle and trailer MAM’s are less than 3,500 kg.
B Minibuses 21 Vehicles with between 9 and 16 passenger seats not for hire or reward. MAM not exceeding 3.5 tonnes or 4.25 tonnes including specialist equipment for the carriage of disabled passengers. No trailer of any size may be pulled. B licence must have been held for 2 years. Valid for minibuses only when used in the United Kingdom.
B (Automatic) Automatic cars 17[Notes 5] As cars (B), but only those with automatic transmission.
B+E Cars with trailers 17[Notes 6] As category B but with a heavier trailer that isn’t covered in the descriptions for category B.
C1 Medium-sized vehicle 18[Notes 7] Vehicles between 3,500 kg and 7,500 kg with a trailer up to 750 kg.
C1+E Medium-sized vehicle with trailers 21[Notes 8] Combinations of vehicles where the towing vehicle is in subcategory C1 and its trailer has a MAM of over 750 kg provided that the MAM of the combination thus formed does not exceed 12,000 kg and MAM of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the towing vehicle.
C Large vehicles 21[Notes 9] Vehicles over 3,500 kg (including those over 7,500 kg) with a trailer up to 750 kg.
C+E Large vehicles with trailers 21[Notes 9] Vehicles over 3,500 kg (including those over 7,500 kg) with a trailer over 750 kg.
D1 Minibuses 21[Notes 10] Vehicles with between 9 and 16 passenger seats with a trailer up to 750 kg. See also under B
D1+E Minibuses with trailers 21[Notes 10] Combinations of vehicles where the towing vehicle is in subcategory D1 and its trailer has a MAM of over 750 kg, provided that the MAM of the combination thus formed does not exceed 12,000 kg, and the MAM of the trailer does not exceed the unladen mass of the towing vehicle.
D Buses 24[Notes 10] Any bus with more than 8 passenger seats with a trailer up to 750 kg.
D+E Buses with trailers 24[Notes 10] Any bus with more than 8 passenger seats with a trailer over 750 kg.
F Agricultural tractors 16 Maximum weight with trailer = 24 390 kg. Age 16 for tractors less than 2.45m wide. It must only pull trailers less than 2.45 m (96 in) wide with two wheels, or four close-coupled.
G Road rollers 21[Notes 11] N/A
H Tracked vehicles 21[Notes 12] N/A
K Mowing machine or vehicle controlled by a pedestrian 16 N/A
L Electric vehicles 17 Category now deprecated – tests no longer available (since 2001) for this category. Vehicles now fit into category B1 or B.
N Vehicles used for very short distances on public roads N/A Category now deprecated – tests no longer available (since 2001) for this category. Vehicles now fit into category B1 or B.
P Motorcycles 16 Engine capacity must not exceed 50 cc and the maximum design speed must not exceed 50 km/h (31 mph).
Q Mopeds 17 2-wheeled vehicles with engine size not more than 50 cc if powered by an internal combustion engine or maximum design speed of no more than 25 km/h (15.5 mph).
Notes
  1. Jump up^ MAM = Maximum authorised mass
  2. Jump up^ Age 24 or 2 years from date of A2 test pass.
  3. Jump up^ At age 16, a license may be issued if the licensee is in receipt of the higher rate of disability living allowance. However, if the rate is withdrawn, the normal minimum age for driving a car (17 years) applies.
  4. Jump up^ At age 16, a license may be issued if the licensee is in receipt of the higher rate of disability living allowance. However if the rate is withdrawn, the normal minimum age for driving a car (17 years) applies.
  5. Jump up^ At age 16, a license may be issued if the licensee is in receipt of the higher rate of disability living allowance. However, if the rate is withdrawn, the normal minimum age for driving a car (17 years) applies.
  6. Jump up^ If the driver has passed their category B or B automatic test before 1 January 1997, their licence will already show C1, C1E (8.25 tonnes), D1, D1E (not for hire or reward) as entitlement flowing from the category B.
  7. Jump up^ Age 17 if the driver is a member of the armed services
  8. Jump up^ Age 17 if the driver is a member of the armed services; Age 18 if they got their driving licence before 10 September 2009 and the weight of the vehicle and trailer together is under 7,500 kg; Age 18 under certain other circumstances
  9. Jump up to:a b Age 17 if the driver is a member of the armed services; Age 18 under certain other circumstances
  10. Jump up to:a b c d Age 17 if the driver is a member of the armed services; Age 18 having passed a PCV test before 10 September 2008 and driving under a bus operator’s licence, or minibus permit, or community bus permit and under certain conditions; Age 18 under certain other circumstances; Age 20 after passing a PCV driving test and Driver CPC initial qualification
  11. Jump up^ Age 17 for small road-rollers with metal or hard rollers. They must not be steam powered, weigh more than 11.69 tonnes or be made for carrying loads
  12. Jump up^ Age 17 if the Maximum Authorised Mass of the tracked vehicle doesn’t exceed 3,500 kg

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